Yellow Stem Borer (YSB)

  • Common name :
    Rice Yellow Stem Borer

  • Scientific name :
    Scirpophaga incertulas

  • Crops :

Yellow Stem Borer Life Cycle

Identification of the pest

  • Egg : are creamy white, flattened, oval and scale like and laid in mass and covered with buff coloured hairs
  • Larva :Pale yellow with dark brown head
  • Pupa :White silken cocoon are found inside the stem
  • Female moth :bright yellowish brown fore wings with a black spot possess a tuft of yellow hair.
  • Male moth :Smaller with pale yellow forewings without black spot.

Symptoms of Damage

  • Presence of brown coloured egg mass near leaf tip
  • Caterpillar bore into central shoot of paddy seedling and tiller, causes drying of the central shoot known as “dead heart”
  • Grown up plant whole panicle becomes dried “white ear”
  • Plants could be easily pulled by hand

Controlling Method: Use AXON IPM Pheromone lures and traps.

  • Number of pheromone traps required :Install Pheromone traps 6-7 per acre
  • Type of trap : Funnel trap
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